Cooperation between the Northeastern provinces of the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Far East regions within the framework of the One Belt One Road Initiative. Challenges and prospects

According to the statement of the PRC Ambassador to Russia, Li Huey, the Russian Federation is an important participant and key partner of China in the framework of the One Belt One Road initiative.

The Northern sea route as a catalyst for integration in North East Asia

Integration process in North East Asia is moved slowly with lots of difficulties. The article considers NEA countries cooperation in the Arctic (Northern sea route particularly) as one of potential tools to boost their trade links with Russia and European Union correspondingly. In its turn Russia can use it to develop its Far Eastern and Arctic regions. In addition this kind of cooperation lets NEA countries to formulate some provisions for future integration accord.

REGULATION OF AGRICULTURE IN THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP

State support for agriculture and its regulation within the framework of various regional and bilateral trade agreements is carried out on the basis of and in accordance with the legal norms developed by the World trade organization (WTO). In contrast, under the TPP participants attempt to overcome the prevailing in world trade barriers and difficulties. At the same time, countries have agreed to adopt measures that are currently only being discussed within the WTO.

The input of Komsomolskii-on-Amur aircraft building plant into the formation of the long-range bomber aviation during the WWII

The main plane of USSR long-range bomber aviation during the Great Patriotic War and WWII was legendary IL-4 (it was called DB-3f [«dalnii bombardirovshik», which in Russian means long-range bomber] till March of 1942) in all types. During the war 5 256 aircrafts of this kind were built and 2 732 of them were produced in Komsomolsk-on-Amur on the aircraft plant №126. Also in 1938-1942 the plant №126 produced 280 aircrafts DB-3 (the ancestor of Il-4 and DB-3f), which took its part in the battles of WWII, especially against the militaristic Japan.

The perspectives of Sino-Russian cooperation in the sphere of Northern Sea Route development and commercial use

Today more and more attention is paid to transport potential of Northern Sea Route (NSR). In spite, at present its commercial significance is relatively low, with proper development it could become one of the main transport corridor between Asia and Europe, because of its advantages in front of traditional routes through Suez and Panama channels. The path through the NSR is 2440 nautical miles shorter than Suez route and reduces shipment time by 10 days, more than that it saves approximately 800 tons of fuel for per an average vessel.

The 22nd annual meeting of Russian-American Pacific Partnership

The 22nd annual meeting of Russian-American Pacific Partnership (RAPP) took place in the city of Yakutsk (Republic of Yakutia, Russia) on 19-20 of July 2017. RAPP is the only dialogue platform between Russia and USA dedicated to the development of interaction on interregional level. It unites business, administration and public of the regions of Russian Far East and US Western Coast. Permanent participants of RAPP are such huge companies as «ExxonMobil», «Black & Veatch Corporation» and «Inter Pacific Aviation and Marketing». Annual RAPP meeting is a place for discussions and experience exchange on such issues as the development of interregional cooperation, economics of Asia-Pacific region and other up to date questions.

Lessons and prospects of Sino-Russian Arctic cooperation

The strategic partnership between China and Russia is creating solid ground for the cooperative development of the Arctic. These two states’ joint development of the Northern Sea Route will not only provide additional impulse to the exportoriented economy of China and allow further diversification of supply routes to China, but will also promote investment into the infrastructure and economic growth of Russian northern territories. Climate change in the Arctic has forced China and Russia to acknowledge the sustainable use of the Arctic. On the one hand, exploration of the region should not harm indigenous people’s rights and should help this population improve their standard of living by providing qualified healthcare and opportunities for commercial fulfillment of traditional crafts. On the other hand, this exploration should also include elimination of harmful anthropogenic impact and provide support for environment self-restoration. Sino-Russian Arctic cooperation will help humans discover eco-friendly approaches to use Arctic resources, promote rational use of the Arctic and inspire sustainable development of the region.

The Ob – Irtysh system: Another possible way of Eurasian integration  (The Ob-Irtysh Project)

After China launched the “One Belt, One Way” initiative in 2013, the Eurasian continent officially entered the integration model. And, following the rapid melting of the Arctic ice, the commercialization of the northeastern Arctic waterway, which runs along the shores of Russia, began (Russia calls it the Northern Sea Route).

Project “Ob-Irtysh”

Northern Sea Route (NSR) attracts more and more attention of shipping companies from all over the world. Additional factor for the interest to NSR is an opportunity to get to the Central Asian region via Russian inland waters.